报头可持续性泥炭地

可持续性

负责任的林业是世界杯高清直播运营的关键

泥炭地管理

The east coast of Sumatra is characterised by low-lying flatlands with coastal and riverine peat swamp forests. These environments are difficult to settle and develop and until fairly recently have been left largely unoccupied. 在过去的二十年里, some of these development challenges have been overcome and Riau Province now has an emerging economy based almost entirely on agronomy and forestry, where a growing population is placing increasing pressure on natural resources with almost all mineral soil areas having been developed. 

The importance of the agriculture and forestry sector is recognised by the government of 印尼 as evidenced by the issue of licenses for development in these areas. This reflects the current economic focus on an industry that creates sustainable employment and local economic contribution. Companies including 4组 are licensed to convert previously logged and no longer commercially productive peatlands into actively managed, 可持续的森林人工林符合这个方向. 

The beneficiaries of these licenses have a responsibility to ensure they balance community and development imperatives with environmental protection. We protect high value conservation areas from the threats posed by fire and illegal encroachment as part of a total approach to landscape management. 同时, 世界杯高清直播可持续的人工林创造了就业机会, 为当地社区提供自给农业的可持续替代方案.

4组’s approach to effective and sustainable peatland management is based on the principle of a ‘balanced’ land use and is part of a total landscape management approach. 4组’s plantations are situated on degraded landscapes that have been developed to produce productive tree farms. Land use allocation is based on High 保护 Value (HCV) assessments both at landscape and unit management levels, 公众咨询和最佳科学. HCV assessments identify the appropriate conservation and plantation areas as part of this holistic approach to landscape planning. 景观规划工具包括详细的测量和制图, 以及水文评估和火灾管理威胁评估. 

哪里确定了自然保护区, the implementation of a professionally managed plantation buffer zone forms a protective ring around the conservation area, 通过砍烧活动防止侵蚀和退化. 这是一种经过证实的保护泥炭沼泽、森林圆顶和河岸走廊免受农业侵蚀的方法, 脱水和火.

阅读更多关于世界杯高清直播的 保护 计划在这里.

泥炭地的资产创造了独特的利益和额外的责任. The landscape supports highly productive tree farms that create a competitive advantage for 印尼 forestry. 如果管理得当,要谨慎, 与未管理的森林地区相比,对环境的风险减少了. In this way we are committed to ensuring the protection of sensitive peatlands through sustainable plantation management strategies that incorporate fire prevention and suppression, 景观保护也为当地创造了经济机会.

独立泥炭专家工作组

一个重要的包含在SFMP 2.0是建立一个 独立泥炭专家工作组 (IPEWG) to provide science-based recommendations on the further development of our responsible peatland management strategy. 它于2016年首次召开,由来自英国、芬兰和印度尼西亚的六名泥炭地科学家组成. 为指导工作,IPEWG制定了一项 泥炭地的路线图 它有三个组成部分:

  • Science-based understanding and minimising impacts: building a robust scientific understanding to underpin the further development of the APRIL approach to responsible peatland management.
  • 负责任的泥炭地业务:实施不断发展的四月方针,以负责任的泥炭地业务, 旨在减少火灾, 优化产量, improve community livelihoods and minimise subsidence and APRIL’s carbon footprint for existing production on peat.
  • 以负责任的生产管理为基础,发展长期泥炭地愿景, 恢复和康复, 与其他利益相关方合作保护所有现存的森林, 在生产过程中达到平衡, 保护和社会发展.

有关IPEWG工作的更多信息, 包括监督一个重要的温室气体排放测量项目, 请参阅IPEWG的报告 第一阶段进展更新.

水资源管理

在廖内省, 印尼, rainfall varies seasonally from anywhere between 50mm of rainfall per month during less wet periods to more than 500mm of rainfall during super wet months.  It is this excess of water over evaporation that drives the need for water management control within our plantations. High Value 保护 forest and other conservation areas are left untouched and protected against plantation activities.

Land use planning is the primary tool used to maximize plantation growth conditions and to minimize any potential environmental impacts associated with peat land development (for example green house gas (GHG) emissions from peat soils that are over-drained i.e. 在没有水资源管理计划和配套资源的地区). Landscape planning involves protection and buffering of central peat domes and other sensitive sites to guard against drainage impacts. 

通过水控制结构进行结构干预是次要工具. 

4组’s water management is planned at a landscape scale and thereafter is implemented at the detailed level by water control weirs that optimise ground water levels. 在种植园, water levels are maintained at between 40-90cm in depth ensuring optimal growth and reduced carbon emissions relative to neighbouring unmanaged lands. 

消除火灾风险

作为一个高效的碳汇, 燃烧泥炭会排放出二氧化碳, 一种温室气体. 因此,消除泥炭地地区的火灾风险是十分重要的. 

4组 has a zero tolerance approach to fire within its concession lands and enforces the same standards among its suppliers. 世界杯高清直播在防火和灭火能力方面投入了大量资金. 世界杯高清直播还与当地社区合作,开展教育和以奖励为基础的防火措施.

了解更多关于世界杯高清直播的 消防管理.

一些泥炭地地区含有高碳储量(HCS)。. 4组 is working with industry experts and authorities to establish the requirements for the identification and protection of HCS areas leading to adoption of appropriate standards.

We continue to collaborate and seek professional advice from leading national and international scientists in the fields of hydrology, 保护和温室气体排放监测,以提高世界杯高清直播对泥炭地管理的认识. We engage external experts to evaluate and strengthen long-term peatland management strategies with an emphasis on carbon reduction in line with our conservation objectives.